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This quantity brings jointly archeologists, artwork historians, philologists, literary students, political scientists and historians to articulate the ways that western Greek theater used to be precise from that of the Greek mainland and, even as, to enquire how the 2 traditions interacted. The papers intersect and construct on one another of their pursuit of a few shared questions and topics: where of theater within the cultural lifetime of Sicilian and South Italian 'colonial cities;' theater as a mode of cultural self-identification; shared mythological subject matters in functionality texts and theatrical vase-painting; and the mirrored image and research of Sicilian and South Italian theater within the paintings of Athenian philosophers and playwrights. jointly, the essays discover crucial difficulties within the learn of western Greek theater. via accumulating a number views and techniques, this quantity deals the 1st wide-ranging exam of this hitherto ignored background.

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An analogous line used to be later parodied additionally via Aristophanes (Pax 1097). The observe is used for eagles and different birds which, in contrast to hens, are sturdy at flying through either Homer (Il. 2. 459, eight. 247, 15. 238, 690, 17. 675, 21. 253, 22. 139, 24. 315; Od. thirteen. 87, sixteen. 218) and Hesiod (Op. 277 and fr. 336 M. -W. ). Q†terai d• g†·ai k»gcoi te kˆmaq©tidev, / taª kakod»kimo© te khÎwnoi, t‡v ˆndrofukt©dav / p†ntev Šnqrwpoi kal”onq’, ‰m•v d• leÅkav toª qeo©, ‘And different shells either one of land and sand, these held in negative esteem and inexpensive, which all males name “fugitives-from-men” yet we gods name “white”. ’ Downloaded from Cambridge Books on-line by means of IP 128. 122. 149. 154 on Fri Nov 15 19:11:28 rainy 2013. http://dx. doi. org/10. 1017/CBO9781139032377. 006 Cambridge Books on-line © Cambridge collage Press, 2013 Epicharmus’ literary and philosophical heritage sea-shells served in a dinner party; additionally noteworthy is the distinction among the divine identify leÓkai, that is universal Greek, and the human identify ˆndrofukt©dev (‘fugitives-from-men’), a hapax most likely coined by way of Epicharmus, during which an erotic double-entendre may be suspected. 14 There are different fragments which imitate epic language in a mock-solemn tone, the place the now lacking context may doubtless have made the parody transparent; this is often the case of fr. 128 (201 R-N),15 which are in comparison with a number of passages from the Iliad (14. 292–3, 352, 15. 152, sixteen. 233), and likewise of fr. 237 (316 RN),16 which parodies an expression discovered 5 instances in Homer (Il. 17. 514, 20. 435; Od. 1. 267, four hundred; sixteen. 129). however the longest passage within which a parody of Homer should be obvious is that of fr. ninety seven. 7–17 (98 i R-N), from Odysseus Deserter, the place Lobel (1959) pointed out a chain of coincidences with Nestor’s speech within the Iliad 10. 204–13, that are additionally good studied in Cassio (2002) 73–80. For the potential plot of the play, in response to the funny distortion of a few Homeric episodes, with a brand new reconstruction, see Willi (2008) 177–88 and in addition bankruptcy three during this quantity. As for the titles of Epicharmus’ performs which are with regards to conventional heroes and myths, it's outstanding that just some have a Homeric subject. Epicharmus turns out to have stumbled on notion in Odysseus, who, along with giving his identify to Odysseus Deserter and Odysseus Shipwrecked, used to be possibly a first-rate personality in Sirens and Cyclops, and may have performed an element in Antenor (if it handled Antenor’s mediation in the course of Odysseus’ and Menelaus’ peace errand to Troy in Il. 7. 347–53). it truly is, nonetheless, almost certainly that Epicharmus used to be additionally encouraged via different traditions of Odysseus self sustaining of Homer. 17 different performs concerning the Trojan conflict have been Trojans, of unknown plot, and Philoctetes, which most likely handled the episode during which the Greeks got here to fetch the hero from Lemnos, as a for the taking of Troy. This tale doesn't seem in Homer, yet was once advised in different conventional poems (see, for example, Il. Parv. , arg. 1 Bern. ), and in addition encouraged Pindar’s Pythian 1. 50–5 (470 bc), the place Hieron is in comparison with Philoctetes, and Aeschylus’ misplaced homonymous tragedy.

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