Translated by means of Aubrey de Sélincourt with an creation and Notes through John M. Marincola.
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Extra resources for The Histories
A long time later the priest of Hephaestus refused to enable Darius the Persian erect a statue of himself in entrance of this workforce of statues, arguing that his achievements didn't fit these of Sesostris the Egyptian. ‘After all,’ he stated, ‘Sesostris defeated as many peoples as you, and the Scythians besides, whom you have been not able to beat. it is going to now not be correct, then, so you might stand out in entrance of Sesostris’ statues, due to the fact your achievements don't surpass these of Sesostris. ’ they are saying that Darius conceded the purpose.  The clergymen advised me that once Sesostris’ dying his son Pheros inherited the dominion. Pheros has no army exploits to his credits, however it occurred that the subsequent occasion ended in his blindness. as soon as, the amount of water coming down the river was once more than ever sooner than; the river rose to eighteen cubits, and whilst it flooded the fields, a wind descended and the river turned turbulent. The king, they are saying, dedicated sacrilege: he seized a spear and hurled it into the center of the swirling river, and was once instantly afterwards bothered with a watch ailment from which he grew to become blind. someday within the 11th yr, after he were blind for ten years, an oracle got here to him from town of Buto that the time of his punishment had come to an finish and that he may regain his sight as soon as he had washed his eyes within the urine of a lady who had slept purely along with her personal husband and had by no means been with one other guy. He demonstrated out his personal spouse first, yet he nonetheless didn't regain his sight, so then he attempted all types of girls one after one other. while eventually he did get well his sight, he had the entire girls he had validated, other than the only whose urine he had washed in to regain his sight, gather in one city (the one that these days is going through the identify of Erythrebolus), and when they have been all amassed there he burnt town down, with them inside of it. As for the lady whose urine he had washed in to regain his sight, he made her his spouse. To mark his deliverance from the attention disorder, he devoted a few choices all through all of the well-known sanctuaries of Egypt, however the so much noteworthy one involves the amazing constructions he committed within the sanctuary of the sun—two monolithic stone obelisks, every one 100 cubits tall and 8 cubits thick.  The monks advised me that once Pheros the dominion handed to a guy from Memphis whose identify in Greek is Proteus. To today there's in Memphis, south of the temple of Hephaestus, a very superb and well-appointed precinct which used to be his. the homes round this precinct are inhabited via Phoenicians from Tyre, and the total district is named the Tyrian Camp. inside of Proteus’ precinct is a sanctuary sacred to ‘the international Aphrodite’. i've got come to the realization that the individual it really is sacred to is Helen the daughter of Tyndareus, not just simply because i'm conscious of the tale that Helen spent it slow in Egypt with Proteus, but additionally, and specifically, as the sanctuary is named the sanctuary of the international Aphrodite; no different sanctuary of Aphrodite is termed ‘foreign’.