Download E-books Encyclopedia of World Writers, Beginnings to the 20th Century, 3-Volume Set (Facts on File Library of World Literature) PDF

A three-volume set that provides the huge spectrum of worldwide literature's nice participants. It comprises entries on significant writers in the course of the global protecting the literary traditions of early Greece and Rome, Europe, Asia, Africa, the center East, and the Americas. It lists nameless works - similar to epics, odes, fables, and sacred texts.

Show description

Read or Download Encyclopedia of World Writers, Beginnings to the 20th Century, 3-Volume Set (Facts on File Library of World Literature) PDF

Best Encyclopedia books

Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Five-Volume Set

First utilized in 1980, "biodiversity" frequently describes the abundance, sort, and genetic structure of local animals and crops, and has been associated with politics and environmental know-how. even if the 1986 nationwide discussion board on biodiversity introduced problems with biodiversity to the fore, the inescapable want to know extra concerning the variety of lifestyles in the world keeps to stay unmet.

The Poe Encyclopedia

? ? [[ top often called the writer of resourceful brief fiction, equivalent to the autumn of the home of Usher and The Cask of Amontillado, and because the writer of hauntingly sonorous poems comparable to The Raven, Edgar Allan Poe was once a number one practitioner of the yank Gothic and helped popularize the quick tale as a style.

Encyclopedia of Gangs

In mild of la' gang kingdom of emergency, ethnic and minority gangs are arguably extra excessive profile now than at the other time in our background. information media mostly concentrate on the crime and violence linked to gangs, yet no longer a lot else. This encyclopedia seeks to light up the realm of gangs, together with gang formations, regimen gang actions, aberrations and present advancements.

Encyclopedia of Junk Food and Fast Food

Consuming junk nutrition and quickly nutrition is a brilliant all-American ardour. American young ones and grownups love their sweet bars, huge Macs and supersized fries, Doritos, Twinkies, and reliable Humor ice cream bars. The disastrous overall healthiness results from the large urge for food for those processed fats- and sugar-loaded meals are good publicized now.

Extra info for Encyclopedia of World Writers, Beginnings to the 20th Century, 3-Volume Set (Facts on File Library of World Literature)

Show sample text content

Cambridge, U. ok. : Cambridge college Press, 1946. 104 Farazdaq, al- Stone Lake: The Poetry of Fan Chengda. Translated and edited by means of J. D. Schmidt. Cambridge, U. okay. : Cambridge college Press, 1992. Farazdaq, al- (nickname of Tammam ¯ ibn Ghalib Abu¯ Firas) ¯ (ca. 640–728) poet Tamm¯am ibn Gh¯alib Ab¯u Fir¯as, or al-Farazdaq (“lump of dough”), was once essentially the most favourite and greatly well known of the “court poets” of the Ummayad, or early Muslim interval. He used to be identified for his dissolute lifestyles in addition to his brilliantly insulting hija (lampooning). Born and raised one of the Tamim tribal confederacy in japanese Arabia, Farazdaq spent so much of his occupation within the urban of Basra in southern Iraq. At one aspect, he was once compelled to escape to Medina after selecting a too-powerful goal for one in every of his hija, yet he used to be expelled from Medina besides after a very indiscrete adulterous escapade. Farazdaq made his residing via writing fawning panegyrics (superlative praises) for the Ummayad caliphs and viceroys and by means of successful the patronage of different filthy rich males who paid dearly to maintain away from his vicious pen. He was once additionally an enthusiastic player in Basra’s highbrow and social existence. in response to a few traditions, he was once a supporter of ‘AL¯I IBN AB¯I TAL¯IB, the murdered caliph, and used to be jailed for it slow on the age of 70 for helping ‘Ali’s grandson Zayn. Farazdaq’s own lifestyles used to be stormy, which isn't excellent in mild of the venom and bragging present in his poetry. He had six or seven other halves at a variety of occasions, yet none introduced him happiness. The decades-long drama of his marriage along with his cousin al-Nawar bint A‘yun after which his eager for her and regrets after their divorce supplied the topic of a number of the poems in his Divan. “The repentance of Farazdaq” turned a well-liked expression, fed by way of such traces as “She was once my Paradise from which i used to be exiled, / like Adam whilst he rebelled opposed to his Lord. ” The poet is kind of frank in describing his immoral own existence. Departing from the Arabic culture of one zero five ghazal lyrics, which regularly depict passionate, unrequited love, Farazdaq’s poems don't idealize his fanatics nor exhibit infatuation for them. Farazdaq used to be an brisk, prolific author whose poems demonstrate a coarse variety and diction in addition to a clumsy syntax. a few critics decry those features as poetic incompetence, an ungainly try and make the most the fast adjustments that have been rising in spoken Arabic. Others speculate that the poet used to be easily attempting to replace the literary language, in response to the brash and cosmopolitan city lifetime of the recent Islamic Empire. certainly, he was once one of the first new release of Arab poets to paintings within the towns and cities of Iraq and Syria, instead of the barren region of the Bedouin. Farazdaq’s enduring popularity, besides the fact that, derives from a 40-year naqa’id (literary feud) that he pursued with rival poet Jarir ibn ‘Atiyya. The poems that resulted contain the Naqaith of Jarir and alFarazdaq. even supposing Arabic poetry was once in simple terms simply commencing to be written down during this period, the streams of rhymed, metered insults and obscenities that poured forth from the opponents have been repeated by way of millions of supporters of the 2 poets all around the Ummayad realm.

Rated 4.96 of 5 – based on 24 votes

About the Author