By Sarah Ogilvie
Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World is an authoritative single-volume reference source comprehensively describing the main languages and language households of the realm.
It will supply complete descriptions of the phonology, semantics, morphology, and syntax of the world’s significant languages, giving insights into their constitution, historical past and improvement, sounds, that means, constitution, and language kinfolk, thereby either highlighting their range for comparative research, and contextualizing them in accordance with their genetic relationships and neighborhood distribution.
Based at the hugely acclaimed and award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, this quantity will offer an edited choice of nearly four hundred articles all through which a consultant subset of the world's significant languages are spread out and defined in up to date terminology and authoritative interpretation, by way of the prime students in linguistics.
In highlighting the range of the world’s languages ― from the thriving to the endangered and extinct ― this paintings would be the first element of name to any language specialist attracted to this massive zone. No different unmarried quantity will fit the level of language insurance or the authority of the participants of Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World.
* awesome breadth of assurance: a entire choice of slightly below four hundred articles masking the world's significant languages, language households, and type buildings, matters and disputes
* Peerless caliber: according to two decades of educational improvement on variations of the major reference source in linguistics, Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics
* targeted authorship: 350 of the world's best specialists introduced jointly for one purpose
* extraordinary editorial choice, evaluate and validation approach: Keith Brown and Sarah Ogilvie act as first-tier guarantors for article caliber and coverage
* Compact and reasonable: one-volume structure makes this compatible for private research at any establishment attracted to areal, descriptive, or comparative language examine - and at a fragment of the price of the complete encyclopedia
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Extra info for Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World (Concise Encyclopedias of Language and Linguistics)
Piro ka-yhi (ATTRIBUTIVE-tooth) ‘having teeth’, ma-yhi (NEGATIVE-tooth) ‘toothless’; naked kawiti-w (ATTRIBUTIVE-eye-FEMININE) ‘a lady with sturdy eyes’, ma-witi-w ‘a girl with undesirable eyes; a blind woman’. the typical Arawak lexicon (cf. Payne, 1991) is composed typically of nouns. There are numerous physique elements, fauna, flowers, and artifacts. just a couple of verbs may be reconstructed, e. g. , *kau ‘arrive’, *p ˆ (da) ‘sweep’, *po ‘give’, *(i)ya ‘cry’, *kama ‘be ill, die’; *itha ‘drink’. so much languages have simply the numbers ‘one’ (proto-Arawak *pa-; additionally which means ‘someone, another’) and ‘two’ (proto-Arawak *(a)pi and *yama). A initial reconstruction is in Payne (1991). An up to date review of the family members is in Aikhenvald (1999a, 2001), and an outline of the proto-language is in Aikhenvald (2002). Bibliography Aikhenvald A Y (1999a). ‘The Arawak language kin. ’ In Dixon R M W & Aikhenvald A Y (eds. ). 65–105. Aikhenvald A Y (1999b). ‘Areal diffusion and language touch within the Ic¸ana-Vaupe´s basin, North West Amazonia. ’ In Dixon R M W & Aikhenvald A Y (eds. ). 385–415. Aikhenvald AY (2001). ‘Areal diffusion, genetic inheritance and difficulties of subgrouping: a North Arawak case research. ’ In Aikhenvald AY & Dixon R M W (eds. ). Areal diffusion and genetic inheritance: difficulties in comparative linguistics. Oxford: Oxford collage Press. 167–194. Aikhenvald A Y (2002). Language touch in Amazonia. Oxford: Oxford collage Press. Aikhenvald AY & eco-friendly D (1998). ‘Palikur and the typology of classifiers. ’ Anthropological Linguistics forty, 429–480. Dixon R M W & Aikhenvald A Y (1999). ‘Introduction. ’ In Dixon R M W & Aikhenvald A Y (eds. ). 1–21. Dixon R M W & Aikhenvald AY (eds. ) (1999). The Amazonian languages. Cambridge: Cambridge collage Press. Hoff B (1994). ‘Island Carib, an Arawakan language which integrated a lexical sign in of Cariban beginning, used to deal with males. ’ In Bakker P & Mous M (eds. ). combined languages. 15 case reports in language intertwining. Amsterdam: IFOTT. 161–168. Payne D L (1991). ‘A class of Maipuran (Arawakan) languages in response to shared lexical retentions. ’ In Derbyshire D C & Pullum G ok (eds. ). guide of Amazonian languages, vol. three. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 355–499. Taylor D M (1977). Languages of the West Indies. Baltimore: John Hopkins collage Press. Tovar A & De Tovar C L (1984). Cata´logo de las lenguas de Ame´rica del Sur. Madrid: Editorial Gredos. sixty two Areal Linguistics Areal Linguistics L Campbell, collage of Utah, Salt Lake urban, UT, united states ß 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. creation: Defining the idea that Areal linguistics is anxious with the diffusion of structural gains throughout language barriers inside of a geographical region. The time period ‘linguistic quarter’ refers to a geographical quarter during which, because of borrowing and language touch, languages of a quarter come to percentage yes structural beneficial properties – not only loanwords, but in addition shared phonological, morphological, syntactic, and different characteristics. The phrases ‘sprachbund,’ ‘diffusion area,’ ‘adstratum relationship,’ and ‘convergence region’ also are occasionally used to consult linguistic components.