The such a lot accomplished reference source on Celtic tradition; an encyclopedia written by way of and for students, but obtainable to all.
• 1,500 A–Z entries hide each element of Celtic existence, from prehistory to the current, with bibliographic references for extra reading
• unique articles by means of the world's best Celtic scholars
• A entire bibliography of 7,000+ goods together with either unique assets and an important and up to date sleek discussions
• two hundred drawings and illustrations
• A quick-reference and word list containing 10,000 entries
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Extra resources for Celtic Culture : A Historical Encyclopedia (Five Volume Set)
Alchfrith can also be vital simply because he used to be the main royal shopper of the Romanist occasion within the Easter controversy , which reached a difficulty in Northumbria on the meeting at Whitby in 664 (Beda, Historia Ecclesiastica three. 25). As a staunch supporter of St Wilfrid and the Roman reckoning of Easter, Alchfrith used to be the top mover within the expulsion of the Irish clergy of Northumbria and took a place opposed to his personal father, who used to be a believer within the Insular Easter, having acquired Christian guide from the Irish, and a fluent Irish speaker. Beda tells of Alchfrith’s turning opposed to his father with few information (Historia Ecclesiastica three. 14); the social gathering used to be very likely the talk at Whitby (Streanæs- alchfrith  halch) itself in 664 or the friction consequent to the substitute of Northumbria’s Irish bishop Colman with Oswydd’s selection Chad (see Ceadda ), instead of Wilfrid. At Winwæd in 655 Alchfrith have been the presumptive inheritor obvious. Our final checklist of Alchfrith comes from Beda’s Lives of the Abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow (§2): Alchfrith needed to accompany St Benedict on a pilgrimage to Rome, which happened c. 666, yet Alchfrith’s father, King Oswydd, refused to permit him move. it truly is most likely that this episode contributed to Ecgfrith passing his elder half-brother Alchfrith within the succession (cf. Wormald, Anglo-Saxons 93–4). we don't comprehend what turned of Alchfrith after this, yet, given his pursuits, early retirement to a non secular existence is probably going, if he outlived his father (†670). Alchfrith’s competition to the Irish clergy, their teachings, and the ideals of his Irish-speaking father leaves it particularly much less most likely that he was once the son of the Irish Fín and therefore much more likely that he used to be the son of Rhieinfellt. it's also noteworthy that Oswydd’s son by means of Fín, Flann Fína/Aldfrith, is widely known in Irish resources, while Alchfrith is altogether unknown as an Irish historic determine. nonetheless, Alchfrith is called within the Welsh Historia Brittonum, which omits point out of his half-Irish (half-)brother Flann Fína/Aldfrith (see Kirby, Trans. Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Soc. sixty two. eighty one n. 16). In both occasion, Alchfrith’s theolog y and ancestry will be considered in any review of the complicated problems with the impression of Celtic-speaking teams within the formation of the hybrid tradition of Northumbria’s socalled early Christian ‘Golden Age’ within the seventh and eighth centuries. fundamental assets Beda, Historia Ecclesiastica; Historia Brittonum. ed. & trans. Colgrave, lifetime of Bishop Wilfrid/Eddius Stephanus 14– 19. trans. (Lives of the Abbots of Wearmouth and Jarrow) Webb & Farmer, Age of Bede. additional interpreting Brythonic; Ceadda; Dewr; Eadwine; Easter controversy; Ecgfrith; Flann Fína; Lindisfarne; Oswald; Oswydd; Jackson, Celt and Saxon 41–2; Kirby, Trans. Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Soc. sixty two. 77–94; Smyth, Warlords and Holy males 23–6; Stancliffe & Cambridge, Oswald; Ann Williams et al. , Biographical Dictionary of darkish Age Britain 43–4; Wormald, Anglo-Saxons 93–4.