By Josiah Ober
Lord Byron defined Greece as nice, fallen, and immortal, a characterization extra apt than he knew. via such a lot of its lengthy heritage, Greece was once negative. yet within the classical period, Greece used to be densely populated and hugely urbanized. Many strangely fit Greeks lived in remarkably gigantic homes and labored for prime wages at really good occupations. Middle-class spending drove sustained monetary development and classical wealth produced a gorgeous cultural efflorescence lasting hundreds of thousands of years.
Why did Greece achieve such heights within the classical period--and why simply then? and the way, after "the Greek miracle" had persisted for hundreds of years, did the Macedonians defeat the Greeks, likely bringing an finish to their glory? Drawing on an important physique of newly to be had information and utilizing novel techniques to proof, Josiah Ober deals an immense new background of classical Greece and an exceptional account of its upward push and fall.
Ober argues that Greece's upward thrust was once no miracle yet relatively the results of political breakthroughs and financial improvement. the extreme emergence of citizen-centered city-states reworked Greece right into a society that defeated the strong Persian Empire. but Philip and Alexander of Macedon have been capable of beat the Greeks within the conflict of Chaeronea in 338 BCE, a victory made attainable through the Macedonians' appropriation of Greek suggestions. After Alexander's dying, battle-hardened warlords fought ruthlessly over the remnants of his empire. yet Greek towns remained populous and filthy rich, their financial system and tradition surviving to be handed directly to the Romans--and to us.
A compelling narrative packed with uncanny sleek parallels, it is a publication for a person drawn to how nice civilizations are born and die.
This publication is predicated on proof on hand on a brand new interactive site. to profit extra, please stopover at: http://polis.stanford.edu/.