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By Arnaldo Momigliano

During this vintage examine of cultural war of words Professor Momigliano examines the Greeks' angle towards the modern civilizations of the Romans, Celts, Jews, and Persians. interpreting cultural and highbrow interplay from the fourth during the first centuries B.C., Momigliano argues that during the Hellenistic interval the Greeks, Romans, and Jews loved an unique distinctive dating that assured their lasting dominance of Western civilization.

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It's very unlikely to assert no matter if the more youthful Eratosthenes (F. Gr. H. no. 745 Jacoby) who wrote his books on Gaul approximately this time, one hundred fifty B. C, have been inspired via the Romans. A more youthful Callisthenes quoted as an expert on Gaul through playstation . -Plutarch, De fluviis 6. 1 ( = Jacoby, no. 291, five) is related to were born in southern Italy, that's, in territory less than Roman keep an eye on. yet like many different authors quoted through playstation . -Plutarch, he may perhaps by no means have existed. we will be extra yes approximately Artemidorus of Ephesus and Posidonius of Rhodes whom Strabo taken care of as his such a lot authoritative resources for Spain and Gaul. either have been ambassadors to Rome for his or her personal towns - that's, they have been very appropriate to the governing type of Rome. In his celebrated stopover at to Posidonius' residence in Rhodes, Pompey made it transparent that the Roman fasces needed to bow down prior to philosophy; they definitely had not anything to worry from it. it really is obtrusive that Artemidorus and Posidonius travelled in Spain and Gaul with the help of the Roman professionals. at the least, the placement was once such that the Romans have been absolute to derive virtue from their observations. Artemidorus wrote ahead of Posidonius, who sometimes disagreed with him: he should have travelled approximately a hundred B. C. He turns out to have performed quite valuable paintings at the geography of Spain the place he had the good thing about a century of Roman management. yet he had ethnographic comments to make approximately either Spain (Strabo three. four. 17) and Gaul (4. four. 6), and he turns out to have ready the way in which for the way more entire enquiry of Posidonius. no matter what could be our inner most emotions in regards to the glossy scholarship on Posidonius, one among its such a lot sturdy effects is the reconstruction of Posidonius' chapters at the Celts. a number of outstanding verbatim quotations through Athenaeus and a few references in Strabo have been the place to begin. the invention that Diodorus V contained a paraphrase of a similar uncomplicated textual content gave an altogether various size to Posidonius' paintings. sixty seven The Celts and the Greeks After that, it used to be more straightforward to determine that Strabo himself mostly relied on Posidonius and that Caesar, too, should have used Posidonius within the ethnographic excursuses of the Bellum Gallicum. for a few years the dependence of Strabo on Posidonius used to be obscured by means of the idea of Alfred Klotz (Caesarstudien, 1910) that Strabo used Posidonius in basic terms in a roundabout way via his older modern Timagenes. It was once an not going conception even before everything sight. Strabo rates Timagenes just once (4. 1. thirteen) to claim that Posidonius was once correct and Timagenes used to be fallacious at the origins of the aurum tolosanum, the gold from Tolosa which ruined the profession of Caepio. it truly is tough to deduce from this passage that Strabo relied on Timagenes in regards to the Celts and not made use of the unique textual content of Posidonius - who were without delay or in a roundabout way his personal instructor. Strabo had an self sustaining brain. If he didn't replica Timagenes, he shouldn't be suspected of getting copied Posidonius. He used to be conversant in many resources of the Caesarian and Augustan age; he even charges Caesar's Commentarii (4.

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