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By Athanassios Vergados

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Aims and Scope

The Hymn to Hermes, whereas without doubt the main a laugh of the so-called Homeric Hymns, additionally offers an array of demanding difficulties. in precisely 580 traces, the infant god invents the lyre and sings a hymn to himself, travels from Cyllene to Pieria to thieve Apollo’s livestock, organizes a banquet on the river Alpheios the place he serves the beef of 2 of the stolen animals, cunningly defends his innocence, and is eventually reconciled to Apollo, to whom he offers the lyre in trade for the livestock. This ebook presents the 1st distinct remark committed particularly to this strange poem due to the fact that Radermacher’s 1931 version. The remark can pay distinct consciousness to linguistic, philological, and interpretive issues. it truly is preceded via a close creation that addresses the Hymn’s rules on poetry and track, the poem’s humour, the Hymn’s relation to different archaic hexameter literature either in thematic and technical facets, the poem’s reception in later literature, its constitution, the difficulty of its date and position of composition, and the query of its transmission. The severe textual content, in response to F. Càssola’s variation, is provided with an equipment of formulaic parallels in archaic hexameter poetry in addition to attainable verbal echoes in later literature.

Athanassios Vergados, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Germany, andNational and Kapodistrian college of Athens, Greece.

xiv, 718 pages
Language: English, historic Greek
Type of booklet: Commentary
Keywords: Homeric Hymns; Hermes; Poetry; Greek; faith

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Extra resources for A Commentary on the Homeric Hymn to Hermes: Introduction, Text and Commentary (Texte und Kommentare, Band 41)

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Hermes achieves numerous feats of metis in a single day: he constructs a lyre, spirits away fifty cows, slaughters and roasts of them, performs song, argues for his innocence and so forth. yet all this occurs whereas he's a baby little one, by way of definition incapable of appearing any of this. the location is driven to the boundaries whilst the poet places this adynaton in Hermes’ mouth, whilst he has him argue opposed to Apollo’s accusations by way of using the argument from likelihood. Granted that Hermes is the consumer god of language and rhetoric, it truly is absurd that he utters speeches which are rhetorically decorated, specifically while his grownup opponent’s speeches are provided as missing in association (see p. 387, 463). Hermes is an youngster who claims to be an child, consequently to have childish matters (266–68) and to be incapable of stealing livestock. yet keep in mind strains 164–65, the place the « items to his therapy as a « even though he lies swaddled in his crib! Parody of particular epic versions is a fruitful resource of comedy within the Hymn. The poet of h. Herm. most likely knew good h. Apol. (this is argued on p. 70–73), and composed h. Herm. as a funny counterpart to this past poem. in reality, one could examine h. Herm. as an irreverent resolution to the claims made via Apollo himself within the Hymn devoted to him. The Hermes poet is in impact partially operating with an analogous subject matters because the poet of h. Apol. : how did Apollo turn into the god of the lyre? How and while did he gather the present of prophecy? this isn't an remoted query, for Apollo’s prophetic skills and his pre-eminence at Delphi didn't cross unchallenged in delusion. eleven furthermore, either poems current the god’s precocious adolescence; yet while in h. Apol. Apollo assumes the shape within which he's identified in fable and paintings after which claims the bow, lyre, and prophecy (131–32), in h. Herm. the god is still an youngster, and 10 eleven Bielohlawek (1930, 203–204) sees this because the resource of comedy in h. Herm. and ignores many different resources of humour within the poem. See Kurke (2010, 53–94). Humour within the Homeric Hymn to Hermes 31 the poet reminds us of this numerous occasions in the course of the Hymn. This in flip paves the way in which for extra comedian motion. Passing directly to extra particular epic examples, there's the proverb present in Hes. Op. 365 that the poet fees at v. 36 ( ρ , λ μ μ φ ). it truly is real that either Hesiod and the poet of h. Herm. could have drawn this word from a typical resource of proverbial knowledge. notwithstanding, the familiarity with Hesiod’s paintings (or a minimum of elements of it) of the poet of h. Herm. is past doubt (see p. 67–70), and this enables us no less than to think about what the impression may be if the Hymn poet put a gem of Hesiodic knowledge in Hermes’ mouth. Leaving apart the truth that a infant child is quoting a proverbial expression that derives from well known wisdom and culture (when was once he – the one-day-old baby – uncovered to this custom? ) and which moreover has been utilized by a predecessor of the poet (has Hermes read/heard Hesiodic poetry? ), the comedian impact the following arises additionally from the misapplication of this proverb:12 the animal’s access into Hermes’ domestic will grow to be no longer yet .

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